＊ Click here for an outline of the 12th Congress Workshop.
Twelfth United Nations Congress
on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
Salvador, Brazil, 12-19 April 2010
UNAFEI has always selected high priority issues of the United Nations in the
fields of crime prevention and criminal justice as themes for its training
courses and seminars, and has made efforts to promote and disseminate the
related UN treaties and standards and norms in the Asian and Far East region,
and to familiarize its participants with same.
The Twelfth United Nations
Congress was held in April 2010 with an over-all theme of "Comprehensive
strategies for global challenges: crime prevention and criminal justice systems
and their development in a changing world", and more than 3,000 Government and
NGO representatives from approximately 100 countries, including Ministers of
Justice and Attorneys General, participated. Most of the agenda items discussed
at the Twelfth Congress, as well as the themes of the five official workshops,
had been covered at recent UNAFEI training courses and seminars.
Furthermore, as mentioned earlier, UNAFEI organized a workshop on "Measures
against Overcrowding in Correctional Facilities", one of the five
official workshops, thereby contributing to the discussions at the Congress.
Based on discussions and deliberations held at the
conference, the Congress adopted the Salvador Declaration, which reflects the
political will of the participating states, to be submitted to the Commission as
a policy recommendation. Click
here for a report of the 12th Congress.
Every one of the 55
items in the Declaration can be seen as an endorsement of past training courses
and the activities of UNAFEI.
(1) The following items clearly reflect the
outcomes of the Overcrowding Workshop organized by UNAFEI.
||"51. We stress the need to reinforce alternatives to
imprisonment, which may include community service, restorative justice and
electronic monitoring and support rehabilitation and reintegration programmes,
including those to correct offending behaviour, and educational and vocational
programmes for prisoners."
||"52. We recommend that Member States endeavour to
reduce pretrial detention, where appropriate, and promote increased access to
justice and legal defence mechanisms."
(2) The following items strongly endorse various UNAFEI
activities in the past, and we consider them as an encouragement to further
contribute to the crime prevention and criminal justice policies of the United
||"(Preamble) We, the States Members of the United
Nations, stressing the need to strengthen international, regional and
subregional cooperation to effectively prevent, prosecute and punish crime, in
particular by enhancing the national capacity of States through the provision of
technical assistance, declare as follows."
||"3. We acknowledge the value and impact of the United
Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice and
endeavour to use those standards and norms as guiding principles in designing
and implementing our national crime prevention and criminal justice policies,
laws, procedures and programmes."
||"4. Bearing in mind the universal character of the
United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, we
invite the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to consider
reviewing and, if necessary, updating and supplementing them. In order to render
them effective, we recommend that appropriate efforts be made to promote the
widest application of those standards and norms and to raise awareness of them
among authorities and entities responsible for their application at the national
||"8. We consider that international cooperation and
technical assistance can play an important role in achieving sustainable and
long-lasting results in the prevention, prosecution and punishment of crime, in
particular by building, modernizing and strengthening our criminal justice
systems and promoting the rule of law. Specific technical assistance programmes
should thus be designed to achieve these aims, for all the components of the
criminal justice system, in an integrated way and with a long-term perspective,
enabling the capacity of requesting States to prevent and suppress the various
types of crime affecting their societies, including organized crime. In that
regard, the experience and expertise accumulated over the years by the United
Nations Office on Drugs and Crime constitute a valuable asset."
||"9. We strongly recommend the allocation of
sufficient human and financial resources to develop and implement effective
policies, programmes and training dealing with crime prevention, criminal
justice and the prevention of terrorism. In this regard, we stress the serious
need to provide the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime with a level of
resources commensurate with its mandate. We call on Member States and other
international donors to support, and coordinate with, the United Nations Office
on Drugs and Crime, including its regional and country offices, the institutes
of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme network
and requesting States in the provision of technical assistance to strengthen
their capacity to prevent crime."
||"44. We undertake to promote appropriate training of
officials entrusted with upholding the rule of law, including correctional
facility officers, law enforcement officials and the judiciary, as well as
prosecutors and defence lawyers, in the use and application of those standards